Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 9 November 1981
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Ratified on 5 February 2002
- National CEDAW report: 2013
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- National council of Women (CONAMU)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Ecuador’s score was 0.0422, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low level of discrimination in civil liberties, low levels in resources and assets, family code and son bias and medium level in physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/ecuador
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2012, 96% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 94% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 101%.
- In 2013, 85% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 82% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrolment was 104%.
- In 2013, 92% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 94% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 8 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 290 maternal deaths, representing 87 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 76 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 58% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 85.5% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 40% of the total labour force.
- In 2012, 42% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 57% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 21% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 32% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- UNDP Human Development report 2015
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- HRW Ecuador report 2015
- OECD Gender Index Ecuador
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Ecuador
- UNICEF country program Ecuador 2015-2018
- UN Women Gender Policy Ecuador
- UN Women Initiative against Violence
- UNICEF, UN Women and WFP unite against gender violence in Ecuador