Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 1 February 1984
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Ratified on 28 June 2002
- National CEDAW report: 2010
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Brazil’s score was 0.04580, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had medium level of discrimination in civil liberties, low levels in resources and assets and family code and very low levels in physical integrity and son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/brazil
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary and secondary school enrollment rates.
- In 2012, 92% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 91% of men.
- In 2010, women and men had on average 8 years of schooling .
- In 2013, there were 2100 maternal deaths, representing 69 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 70 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 65% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 85% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 44% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 19% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 26% of men in the labour force.
- In 2011, 11% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 18% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015)
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- The Overseas Development Institute
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- UNDP Latin America report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- Regional conference on women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNDP Human development report 2015
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Brazil
- OECD Gender Index Brazil
- HRW Brazil
- HWR report 2015 Brazil
- UN Women Brazil
- UNICEF Country Program Brazil