Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 22 April 1991
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 15 June 2007
- National CEDAW report 2010
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): national action plan from 2011 to 2016
- Ministry of women, children and social welfare, department of women and children
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Nepal’s score was 0.3222, placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions but with considerable differences depending on the category. It had very high level of discrimination in son bias, high in resources and assets, and low in civil liberties and family code. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/nepal
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary enrollment was 100%.
- In 2012, 97% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 98% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrollment was 106%.
- In 2013, 61% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 59% of boys.
- In 2011, 47% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 71% of men.
- In 2010, women had on average 3,5 years of schooling compared to 5 years on average for men..
- In 2013, there were 1 100 maternal deaths, representing 190 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 72 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- In 2011, 27,5 % of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 83% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 89% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 51% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available for women’s share of agricultural employment.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
3.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- The Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law, 2016
- Meena : a UNICEF initiative
- The overseas development institute