Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: Ratified on 4 April 1986
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: Ratified on 20 September 2001
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): No Action Plan
- Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (INAMU)
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Costa Rica’s score was 0.0506, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low levels of discrimination in son bias and civil liberties, low level in physical integrity and medium levels in family code and resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/costa-rica
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrollment was 101%.
- In 2013, 90% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 90% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary school enrollment was 107%.
- In 2013, 76% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 71% of boys.
- In 2011, 97.5% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 97% of men
- In 2010, women and men had on average 8 years of schooling  .
- In 2013, there were 38 maternal deaths, representing 28 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 60 births per 1,000 adolescent girls (aged 15 to 19).
- In 2011, 8% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 51% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 84% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 37% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 18% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 21% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 4% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 19% of men in the labour force.
1.World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
2.Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/.
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating Economic Opportunity for Women
- UN Women Americas and the Caribbean
- UNDP Latin America Report 2015/2016
- Report on MDG Latin America and the Caribbean
- UN ECLAC Gender Affairs
- Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Gender Equality Observatory
- UNDP Human Development Report 2015
- UNICEF Country Programme Costa Rica 2013-2017
- HRW Costa Rica
- OECD Gender Index Costa Rica
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Costa Rica