Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics 
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Health
- 3.3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 16 April 2003
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 16 April 2003
- National CEDAW report: 2014
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Secretary of State for the Promotion of Equality
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Timor-Leste’s score was 0.255, placing it among countries with a high level of discrimination in social institutions. It had medium levels of discrimination in family code and son bias, but higher levels in physical integrity, resources and assets and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/timor-leste
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2011, 90% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 92% of boys.
- In 2011, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 98%.
- In 2011, 40% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 36% of boys.
- In 2011, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 111%.
- In 2010, 53% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 63.5% of men.
- There is no recent data available on the average number of years of schooling among men and women .
- In 2013, there were 110 maternal deaths, representing 270 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 50 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- In 2010, 31.5% of women aged 15-49 had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 25 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 52% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 32% of the total labour force.
- In 2010, 78% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 66% of men.
- In 2010, 50% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 51% of men.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Timor-Leste
- OECD Gender Index Timor-Leste
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Timor-Leste
- UN Women Timor-Leste
- UNICEF Timor-Leste
- UNFPA Timor-Leste