Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 5 August 1991
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 12 November 2003
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Philippine Commission on Women
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, the Philippines’ score was 0.1765 placing it among countries with a medium level of discrimination in social institutions. It had medium levels of discrimination in physical integrity, son bias and civil liberties, but higher levels in family code and resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/philippines
Key Gender Statistics 
- In 2013, 90% of girls and boys were enrolled in primary school.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrollment was 100%.
- In 2013, 70% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 60% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 116%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 9 years of schooling compared to 8 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 3,000 maternal deaths, representing 120 deaths for 100 000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 46.5 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- In 2013, 17.5% of women had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 53% of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 81% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 39.5% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 36% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 42% of men in the labour force.
- In 2013, 20% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 38% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Philippines
- OECD Gender Index Philippines
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Philippines
- UN Women Philippines
- UNICEF Philippines
- UNFPA Philippines