Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics 
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Health
- 3.3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 27 December 1994
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 18 October 2006
- National CEDAW report: 2015
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry of Gender Equality and family
- Basic Plan for Gender Equality Policies
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, the Republic of Korea was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It had low or very low levels of discrimination in family code and civil liberties, but medium levels in resources and assets. Read the full country profile and access the data : here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/korea
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2014, 97% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 98% of boys.
- In 2014, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 99%.
- In 2014, 97% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 98% of boys.
- In 2014, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 99%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women on average 11 years of schooling compared to 13 years on average for men.
- In 2013, there were 130 maternal deaths, representing 27 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 2 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 55.5 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 76% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 42% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- In 2010, 7% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 6% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- OECD Gender Index Korea
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Korea
- Korean Women’s Development Institute