Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 5 July 1995
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2004
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Malaysia was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It had medium levels of discrimination in physical integrity and resources and assets, but higher levels in family code and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/malaysia
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment.
- In 2012, 67% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 70.5% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 95%.
- In 2010, 91% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 95% of men.
- In 2010, women had on average 10 years of schooling compared to 11 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 150 maternal deaths, representing 29 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 5.5 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 47 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 79% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 29% of the total labour force.
- In 2013, 24% of women in the labour force were in vulnerable employment compared to 21% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 8% of women were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 15% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Malaysia
- OECD Gender Index Malaysia
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Malaysia
- UNICEF Malaysia
- UNFPA Malaysia
- Cultural Norms and Gender Inequality in Malaysia – JStor