Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 14 August 1981
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2009
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Lao’s score was 0.1445, placing it among countries with a medium level of discrimination in social institutions. It had low levels of discrimination in son bias, medium levels in civil liberties, family code and resources and assets, but high levels of discriminations in physical integrity. Read the full country profile and access the data here : http://www.genderindex.org/country/lao-pdr
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, 96% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 98% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 98%.
- In 2013, 43% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 46% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 95%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 4.5 years of schooling compared to 5 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 80 maternal deaths, representing 220 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 64 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- In 2012, 20% of women aged 15-49 had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 80 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 81% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Lao PDR
- OECD Gender Index Lao PDR
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Lao PDR
- UN Women Lao PDR
- UNICEF Lao PDR
- UNFPA Lao PDR