Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 25 June 1985
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2014
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Gender Equality Bureau Cabinet Office
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Japan was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of complete data. It had low or very low levels of discrimination in family code and resources and assets, but higher levels in civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/japan
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2012, 100% of girls and boys were enrolled in primary school.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 100%.
- In 2012, 99.5% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 99% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 101%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 11 years of schooling compared to 12 years on average for men.
- In 2013, there were 63 maternal deaths, representing 6 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 5.5 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 65 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 85% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 43% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- In 2010, 4% of women and men in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Japan
- OECD Gender Index Japan
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Japan
- The Economist – Japanese Women and Work