Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 1 Education
- 2 Health
- 3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 4 November 1980
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: not ratified
- National CEDAW report: 2013
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- National Working Committee on Women and Children under the State Council
- White Paper on Gender Equality and Women’s Development in China
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, China’s score was 0.131, placing it among countries with a medium level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low or very levels of discrimination in physical integrity and civil liberty, medium levels in family code and resources and assets, but very high levels in son bias. Read the full country profile and access the data: http://www.genderindex.org/country/china
Key Gender Statistics
- There is no recent data available on primary school enrolment rates.
- There is no recent data available on secondary school enrolment rates.
- In 2010, 93% of women aged 15+ were literate compared to 97.5% of men.
- In 2010, women on average 7 years of schooling compared to 8 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 5,900 maternal deaths, representing 32 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 9 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 70 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 84% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 44% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW China and Tibet
- OECD Gender Index China
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics China
- UN Women China
- UNICEF China
- UNFPA China