Table of Contents
- 1 Overview
- 2 Social Institutions
- 3 Key Gender Statistics
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Health
- 3.3 Employment
- 4 References
- 5 See Also
- 6 External Links
- CEDAW: ratified on 15 October 1992
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 13 October 2010
- National CEDAW report: 2011
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): no national action plan
- Ministry of Women’s Affairs
- The National Council for Women
- Cambodian Gender Strategic Plan 2014-2018
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Cambodia’s score was 0.0477, placing it among countries with a low level of discrimination in social institutions. It had very low or very low levels of discrimination in family code, son bias, resources and assets, but medium levels in physical integrity and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/cambodia
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2012, 97% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 100% of boys.
- In 2012, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 97%.
- There is no recent data available on secondary enrolment rates.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 4 years of schooling compared to 6 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 670 maternal deaths, representing 170 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 44 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- In 2011, 17% of women aged 15-49 had an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 82 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 88% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 50% of the total labour force.
- In 2012, 70% of women in the labour force were employed in vulnerable employment compared to 59% of men in the labour force.
- In 2012, 53% of women in the labour force were employed in the agricultural sector compared to 49% of men in the labour force.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Cambodia
- OECD Gender Index Cambodia
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Cambodia
- UN Women Cambodia
- UNICEF Cambodia
- UNFPA Cambodia