Table of Contents
- CEDAW: ratified on 28 July 1983
- Optional Protocol to CEDAW: ratified on 4 December 2008
- National CEDAW report: 2009
- Maputo Protocol: N/A
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325): National Action Plan launched in 2012
- The Office for Women
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws across 160 countries. The SIGI comprises country profiles, a classification of countries and a database; it serves as a research, policy and advocacy tool for the development community and policy makers. The SIGI covers five dimensions of discriminatory social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as unequal inheritance rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights.
In the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2014 Edition, Australia was not classified in the SIGI due to lack of full dataset. It had very low levels of discrimination in resources and assets, and low levels in family code and civil liberties. Read the full country profile and access the data here: http://www.genderindex.org/country/australia
Key Gender Statistics
- In 2013, 98% of girls were enrolled in primary school compared to 97% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male primary school enrolment was 100%.
- In 2013, 86% of girls were enrolled in secondary school compared to 85% of boys.
- In 2013, the ratio of female to male secondary enrolment was 101%.
- There is no recent data available on literacy rates.
- In 2010, women had on average 12 years of schooling compared to 11 years on average for men .
- In 2013, there were 18 maternal deaths, representing 6 deaths for 100,000 births.
- In 2013, the adolescent fertility rate was 11 births per 1,000 adolescent girls.
- There is no recent data available on the percentage of women with an unmet need for family planning.
- In 2013, 70.5 % of the female working-age population was part of the labour force, while 83% of the male working-age population was part of the labour force.
- In 2013, women represented 46% of the total labour force.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of vulnerable employment.
- There is no recent data available on women’s share of agricultural employment.
- World Bank (2015), World Development Indicators (database), http://data.worldbank.org/products/wdi (accessed16 July 2015).
- Barro R. and J.W. Lee (2014), Educational Attainment Dataset, v.2.0, http://www.barrolee.com/
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI)
- Gender and Land Rights Database
- Women, Business and the Law: Creating economic opportunity for women
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific
- Report of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality
- HRW Australia
- OECD Gender Index Australia
- UNESCO Institute of Statistics Australia
- Australian Human Rights Commission: Gender Equality